Colloque international : "Maternal Sacrifice in Jewish Culture"

Dates :
Mardi 19 novembre 2019 - 09:00 - Jeudi 21 novembre 2019 - 18:00
Lieu :
Inalco, PLC (65, rue des Grands Moulins 75013 Paris), Auditorium et Salle 4.24

Le CERMOM en collaboration avec l'Université Ca' Foscari de Venise a le plaisir de vous convier au colloque international intitulé :

Maternal Sacrifice in Jewish Culture
Rethinking Sacrifice from a Maternal Perspective in Religion, Art, and Culture

 
Affiche du colloque avec une photo de deux femmes représentant une croix

 

Du 19 au 21 novembre 2019
9h00-18h00
Salle 4.24 (le 19)
Auditorium (les 20 et 21)
Inalco 
65 rue des Grands Moulins 
75013 Paris


Le colloque vise à explorer de nouvelles approches du sacrifice maternel comme rituel, récit et métaphore dans le cadre de la culture juive. Repensant l'opposition établie par Nancy Jay entre sacrifice et accouchement dans ce qu'elle définit comme le « remède pour être né d'une femme », le colloque se développe autour des possibles relectures de la notion du sacrifice en tant que rituel, récit, ou métaphore à travers le prisme du maternel.

The phrase “maternal sacrifice” combines two complex terms entangled in an even more complex dynamic. First of all, “sacrifice”, a word whose definitions have been considered inadequate to describe the multiformity of practices and meanings it evokes as a ritual, as a narrative, and as a metaphor. James Watts distinguishes between “narrative traditions about killing people”, oriented towards an evaluation of killing and murder, and “the ritual killing of animals”, focused on the social functions of ritual and religion (Watts 2011, 8). To those categories a third level can be added that is related to the metaphorical use of the notion of sacrifice as the act of giving up something in order to attain a higher goal.

Secondly, “maternal” is another word that could arouse the same skepticism, were it not for what Samira Kawans describes as a recent “body of scholarship that simultaneously insists on the particularity and specificity of motherhood while at the same time rejecting any notion of a fixed or essential aspect of maternal experience, desire, or subjectivity.” (Kawans 2011, 972) Moreover, the ambiguity of this phrase resides in the possibility of reading it both as an objective and subjective genitive. The expression can then lead to the exploration of the sacrifice performed by the mother on several objects, including herself, or performed by others on the mother or the potential mother, i.e. matricide or the sacrifice of the virgin-daughter. These two perspectives can be then developed with respect to sacrifice as a ritual, as a narrative, and as a metaphor.

Rethinking Nancy Jay’s opposition between sacrifice and childbirth in what she defines a “remedy for having been born of woman”, the conference aims to explore new approaches to the maternal sacrifice as a ritual, as a narrative, and as a metaphor in the context of jewish culture.



Intervenant.e.s :

Asher Salah, Bezalel, Academy of Arts & Design, Jerusalem
Asher Salah, professor at the Bezalel Academy of Arts & Design and the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem, has written extensively on 18th and 19th century Jewish Enlightenment and Hebrew literature in Italy. Among his works La République des Lettres: rabbins, médecins et écrivains Juifs en Italie au 18eme siècle, Brill, Leyden/Boston, 2007; L’epistolario di Marco Mortara : un rabbino italiano tra riforma e ortodossia, La Giuntina, Firenze, 2012; Diari risorgimentali, Belforte, Livorno, 2018. He is currently Senior Fellow at the Maimonides Center for Advanced Studies – Jewish Scepticism (MCAS-JS), University of Hamburg.

Ilaria Briata, Universität Hamburg
Ilaria Briata is post-doctoral research associate at the Institute for Jewish Philosophy and Religion of the University of Hamburg. She is part of the team of the Emmy Noether Programme group on Early Modern Musar-Literature, with a project on the Jewish moralistic book Shevet Musar by Elijah ha-Kohen Itamari (Constantinople: 1712). She has conducted her studies in Hebrew language and literature at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Universidad Complutense of Madrid, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 2015, she has received her PhD at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, defending a dissertation on the rabbinic tractates Derekh Eretz Rabbah and Derekh Eretz Zuta, which has been published as Due trattati rabbinici di galateo (Brescia: Paideia, 2017). Recent articles include “Disgust, Ethics and Etiquette in the Rabbinic Tractates Derek Eretz Rabbah and Zuta” (Materia Giudaica 23 [2018] 67-75) and “¿Cual madre a hijo comio? La storia di Maria di Eleazar nelle fonti spagnole e giudeo­spagnole” (Materia Giudaica 24 [2019] 161-171).

Corrado Martone, Università di Torino
Corrado Martone, PhD (1995) in Jewish Studies, University of Turin, is Associate Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature and Jewish History at the University of Turin. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Journal Henoch - Historical and Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Judaism and Christianity and Secretary of Revue de Qumran. Corrado has extensively written on Jewish history and literature of the Second temple period and on textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible. He is the author of the most complete Italian translation of the Qumran texts and of an Introduction to the Judaism of the Second Temple period.

Dalia Marx, Hebrew Union College, Jerusalem
Rabbi Dalia Marx, Ph.D., is the Rabbi Aaron D. Panken Professor of Liturgy and Midrash at the Taube Family Campus of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Jerusalem, and teaches in various academic institutions in Israel and Europe. Marx, tenth generation in Jerusalem, earned her doctorate at the Hebrew University and her rabbinic ordination at HUC-JIR in Jerusalem and Cincinnati. She is involved in various research projects and is active in promoting liberal Judaism in Israel. Marx writes for academic and popular journals and publications.
She is the author of When I Sleep and When I Wake: On Prayers between Dusk and Dawn (Yediot Sfarim, 2010, in Hebrew), A Feminist Commentary of the Babylonian Talmud (Mohr Siebeck, 2013, in English), About Time: Journeys in the Jewish-Israeli Calendar (Yediot Sfarim, 2018, in Hebrew) and the co-editor of a few books.

Elisa Carandina, INALCO, Paris
Elisa Carandina currently holds the position of Maîtresse de conférences en Littérature Hébraïque Moderne (Associate Professor of Modern Hebrew Literature) at the Département d’études hébraïques et juives, INALCO (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales), Paris. 
After her Ph.D. in Hebrew Studies at INALCO and at the University of Turin, Italy she has been Diane and Guilford Glazer and Lea and Allen Orwitz Teaching Fellow in Modern Hebrew at the University of Tennesse, Knoxville and Teaching Fellow of Modern Hebrew Literature and Language at L'Orientale University, Naples and Ca' Foscari University, Venice.
She published numerous articles on contemporary Hebrew literature with particular focus on the practice of rewriting mainly from a gender studies perspective, dealing with the works of A.B. Yehoshua, Edna Mazya, Yona Wallach, Leah Goldberg, Nurit Zarhi, Rina Yerushalmi, Etgar Keret, Zeruya Shalev, Dan Pagis, Rutu Modan, Galit and Gilad Seliktar. She is actually working on a research project regarding  life-writing in contemporary Hebrew literature with particular focus on graphic novels.

Hamutal Tsamir, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheva
Hamutal Tsamir teaches at the department of Hebrew Literature in Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.  She works mostly on modern Hebrew poetry in contexts of nationalism/Zionism/Judaism and gender, and literary history.  Her first book, "BeShem HaNof: Lehumiyut, Subyektiviyut uMigdar beShirat Shenot haChamishim vehaShishim" ("In the Name of the Land: nationalism, Gender and Subjectivity in Israeli Poetry of the 1950s-1960s") came out in 2006; and recently came out her second book: Bialik Ba'al-Guf: Teshukah, Tziyonut, Migdar" ("Bialik's Body and Soul: Zionism, Desire, Poetry"). Both are in Hebrew. 

Ranen Omer-Sherman, University of Louisville, Kentucky
Ranen Omer-Sherman is The JHFE Endowed Chair in Judaic Studies at the University of Louisville. He is the author or editor of five books including Diaspora and Zionism in Jewish American Literature: Lazarus, Syrkin, Reznikoff, Roth(2002), Israel in Exile: Jewish Writing and the Desert (2006) The Jewish Graphic Novel: Critical Approaches (2008), Narratives of Dissent: War in Contemporary Israeli Arts and Culture (2013), and Imagining Kibbutz: Visions of Utopia in Literature and Film (2015) as well as numerous essays on Jewish writers. He serves as the co-editor of Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies.

Roni Henig, New York University
Roni Henig is a research fellow at Columbia University Institute for Ideas and Imagination at Reid Hall, Paris. In 2020, she will join the Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies at NYU as an Assistant Professor of Modern Hebrew Literature. She completed her PhD in Hebrew and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in 2018. Her research focuses on language politics, dysfluency studies, and the critique of nationalism across Jewish literatures and beyond. Her current book project, Life of the Non-Living: The Narrative of Language Revival in Modern Hebrew Literature, critically explores the question of Hebrew revival in early twentieth century Hebrew literary discourse. Her work has been awarded the Aldridge Prize by the American Comparative Literature Association

Yvonne Sherwood, University of Kent
Professor Yvonne Sherwood has degrees in English Literature, Jewish Studies and Religious Studies,and received her PhD in Hebrew Bible in 1995. 
She has taught at various institutions including the University of Sheffield, King's College London, Roehampton University, and the University of Glasgow, and moved to the University of Kent in January 2013. She was appointed as the Speakers Lecturer at the University of Oxford in 2015 and was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Oslo in 2017. She was a visiting fellow at the Centre for Advanced Studies at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich in Spring 2018.  Yvonne is the author of four monographs, six edited collections and over seventy articles and book chapters. Her publications include Biblical Blaspheming: Trials of the Sacred for a Secular Age (Cambridge University Press, 2012) which was shortlisted for the American Academy Awards for Excellence Book Prize; The Invention of the Biblical Scholar: A Critical Manifesto (with Stephen D. Moore; Fortress, 2011); and The Bible and Feminism: Remapping the Field (Oxford University Press, 2017). Current research projects include the politics of migration and the figure of the 'resident alien’; blasphemy; sacrifice (especially the sacrifice of Abraham/Ibrahim/the binding of Isaac); colonial Bibles; and genealogies of religion and the secular.

Alessandro Guetta, INALCO, Paris
Alessandro Guetta has studied philosophy at the University of Pisa and at the École Pratique des Hautes études, in Paris, where he got his PhD with a dissertation on the philosopher and kabbalist Elijah Benamozegh.
He is professor of Jewish thought at INALCO. He wrote extensively on the intellectual history of the Italian Jews in the Early Modern and Modern periods.

Daniel Felipe Niño López, Universidad De La Salle, Bogota, Colombia
Daniel Felipe Niño López, fsc. Master on Biblical Sciences and Archaeology, Studium Biblicum
Franciscanum, Jerusalem, Israel. Faculty of the Pontificia Università Antonianum, Rome, Italy (2018). Lic. on Religious Education. Universidad De La Salle, Bogota, Colombia (2010). Currently teaching: Bible and Hermeneutics at Universidad De La Salle, Bogota, Colombia. Presentations: Challenging violence through desacralisation: John 7 as a non-sacrificial myth. Paper presented at the COV&R’s 2017 annual meeting. Madrid, Spain. Afluencia icónica e ideológica de los movimientos independentistas: Santa Librada en la independencia colombiana. Paper presented at the XXXIV Symposium of History and Anthropology at the University of Sonora. Hermosillo, Mexico (2010); Icónica e ideología independentista: Una lectura reversiva de la historiografía colombiana. Paper presented at the IX International Congress of the Association of Latin American and Caribbean Historians (ADHILAC). Santa Marta, Colombia (2010). Publications: Au-delà d’une question de langage : l’intelligence historique du christianisme face au monde contemporain, in: ET-Studies, Journal of the European Society for Catholic Theology, 5 (2014), pp. 321-332 ; La enseñanza de la religión en la escuela, in: Actualidades Pedagógicas, 50 (2007), pp. 147-152.

Liliane Vana, , IEJ, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Shana Schick, University of Haifa
Shana Strauch Schick is a fellow of the Center for Israel Studies at Yeshiva University. She holds a PhD in Talmudic Literature from Bernard Revel Graduate School and has held Postdoctoral Fellowships in Jewish Culture in the Ancient World at Haifa, Bar Ilan, and Tel Aviv Universities and The Center for Inter-disciplinary Research of the Cairo Genizah at Haifa University. Her upcoming book, Between Thought and Deed: Intention in Talmudic Jurisprudence examines the role of intentionality in the development of Talmudic law.

Isabella Scortegagna, Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
Isabella Scortegagna, teacher at the secondary school, first graduated from the University of Padua in philosophy, continues her studies in history of religion. This year, she had her second degree in religious studies, focused on Jewish anthropology of the late antique period. 

Leili Anvar, INALCO, Paris
Former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, Leili Anvar holds a PhD in Persian literarture. She is junior professor at the Institut des Langues et des Civilsations Orientales.  Her interest in the cultural expressions of mystical inspiration is manifold. As a specialist of Persian mystical literature she has been translating and teaching Rûmî, Shams-e Tabrizi, ‘Attâr, Nezâmî  and more modern writers, but she also holds a chronicle entitles « Regard Spirituel » in the magazine Le Monde des Religions. 
She is also a poetic performer, designing and participating into poetic recitals of mystic poetry accompanied by various musicians.  
Her publications include Rûmî (Entrelacs, 2004), Orient, Mille ans de poésie et de peinture (Éditions Diane de Selliers, 2005), Rûmî, la Religion de l'Amour (Seuil, 2011). She has also published a new annotated translation in verse of the Canticle of the Birds (Editions Diane de Selliers, 2014) and the first French translation of a selection the spiritual teachings of Ostad Elahi, Paroles de Vérité, Albin Michel, 2014.

Leni Dothan, Artist, Architect, Researcher 

Mor Presiado, Bar-Ilan University
Dr. Mor Presiado is a lecturer in the Department of Jewish Art at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. She teaches and conducts research on Holocaust art, modern and post-modern art, feminist art, and trauma art. Dr. Presiado's publications appear in leading journals and address women's art during and after the Holocaust and the influence of feminism on Holocaust art.
Since 2018, Dr. Presiado has served as deputy chairperson of the Association of Women's Art and Gender Research in Israel, which is affiliated with the Faculty of the Arts at Tel Aviv University. In December 2018, she launched the massive open online course (MOOC) "Fixing the World: Feminist Art and Jewish Identity", which tells the story of Jewish feminist artists in Israel and the United States and their struggle for equality and justice in and outside of the art world.  
Email addresses: mor.presiado@biu.ac.il ; presiadomor@gmail.com 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKR-tASVon4

Marc Michael Epstein, Vassar College, New York
Marc Michael Epstein has been teaching at Vassar since 1992, and currently serves as Director of Jewish Studies. He is a graduate of Oberlin College, received the PhD at Yale University, and did much of his graduate research at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He has written on various topics in visual and material culture produced by, for, and about Jews. His most recent book, Skies Of Parchment, Seas of Ink: Jewish Illuminated Manuscripts (Princeton, 2015) was the winner of the National Jewish Book Award. His The Medieval Haggadah: Art, Narrative, and Religious Imagination (Yale, 2011) was selected by the London Times Literary Supplement as one of the best books of 2011. He is currently completing a new book, People of the Image: Jews & Art. During the 80s, Epstein was Director of the Hebrew Books and Manuscripts division of Sotheby’s Judaica department, and continues to serve as consultant to various libraries, auction houses, museums and private collectors throughout the world, among them the Herbert C. and Eileen Bernard Museum at Temple Emanu-El in New York City, for which he curated the inaugural exhibition.

Marie-Christine Bornes Varol, INALCO, Paris

Raffaele Esposito, Università L’Orientale, Napoli


Nourit Melcer-Padon, Hadassah College Jerusalem
Nourit Melcer-Padon’s research interests include comparative literature, art and culture, focusing on the interrelationship of history and fiction. She is engaged in a continuing research of social aspects of the Jewish community in 17th century Livorno. She is chair of the English Dpt. at the Hadassah Academic College in Jerusalem. She has published scholarly articles in various fields and is currently working on a book about Home and Immigration in the context of the Italian diaspora.

Anna Lissa, Université Paris 8
Anna Lissa is currently Associate Professor of Jewish and Hebrew literature at the department of Jewish and Hebrew Studies (Université Paris 8). She is the author of two books (The City of Many Times: The Representation of Jerusalem in David Shahar’s Short Stories. CRiSSMA Working Papers n. 16, January 2009, in English and Quando lo spazio si fa tempo: rappresentazioni di Gerusalemme nella letteratura israeliana – David Shahar e Abraham B. Yehoshua (When Space Becomes Time: Representations of Jerusalem in Modern Hebrew Literature – David Shahar and Abraham B. Yehoshua). Genova: Il Melangolo, 2007, in Italian). Moreover she has published several articles about various subjects pertaining to the field of Modern Hebrew Literature. 

Ekaterina Oleshkevich, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan

Abraham Rubin, The Martin Buber Society of Fellows, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Abraham Rubin received his PhD in Comparative Literature from the CUNY Graduate Center. Before joining the Martin Buber Society of Fellows at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, he held postdoctoral positions at Lawrence University, Wisconsin, and Goethe University, Frankfurt. He is currently working on a book entitled "Conversion and Apostasy in Modern Jewish Autobiography."

Mara W. Cohen Ioannides, D.S., Missouri State University

Charlyn Marie Ingwerson, Drury University

Charlyn Ingwerson, Ph.D., academic biography 

Dr. Ingwerson teaches Drury University, a private liberal arts college in Springfield, Missouri, in the Midwest region of the United States. She teaches courses in comparative cultural studies, American Studies, Middle East Studies, including Israeli literature, and Studies in Nonviolence. 
Ingwerson is a Fellow at the Schusterman Center for Israel Studies at Brandeis University, a member of the Association of International Educators (NAFSA), the American Association of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), and a member of the Board of the Midwest Jewish Studies Association. 
She has presented her critical scholarship in contemporary literature by Middle Eastern women, Israeli literature, Motherhood Studies, and women’s peace movements at a number of conferences.  

Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman, The Open University of Israel
Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman, PhD, UCLA 1981, is a Professor of History at the Open University of Israel (OUI); formerly the director of the Center for the Study of Yemeni Jews at Ben-Zvi Institute, Jerusalem (2015-2018); Dean of Academic Studies at the OUI (2012-2015); founder and first director of the Center for the Study of Relations between Jews, Christians, Muslims (2011-2015)` chair of the Department of History, Philosophy and Judaic Studies (2008 – 2012); co-editor of Hamizrah Hehadash, Journal of The Middle East and Islamic Studies Association of Israel (MEISAI) (2008-2011).
Among her fields of research: History and Culture of the Jews in the Muslim world, especially in Yemen; Mizrahi Jews in Palestine and in Israel; Messianism; Jewish-Muslim relations; religious conversion; women and gender; immigration. 
Eraqi Klorman published numerous books and articles in major academic platforms. Among her books: Traditional Society in Transition: The Yemeni Jewish Experience, Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2014; The Jews of Yemen: History, Society, Culture, Vol. 2, Raanana: OUI Press, 2004; Vol. 3, 2008 (Hebrew);   The Jews of Yemen in the Nineteenth Century: A Portrait of a Messianic Community, Leiden: Brill 1993. 
Among her articles: “The Jews of Yemen.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Jewish Studies. Ed. Naomi Seidman. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018; "Yemen, Aden and Ethiopia: Jewish Emigration and Italian Colonialism," (JRAS), Series 3, 19/4 (2009): 1-12; "Muslim Society as an Alternative: Jews Converting to Islam," Jewish Social Studies, 14 (2007): 88-117.
More information is available at: http://www.openu.ac.il/Personal_sites/bat-zion-klorman-eraqi/ 


Organisateur.e.s :
Elisa Carandina, CERMOM, INALCO,
Piero Capelli, Università Ca’ Foscari

Contact : elisa.carandina@inalco.fr

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